Book 7.200 - 9.75 - Book 7.201 through Book 9.75, with the...

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Book 7.201 through Book 9.75, with the focus on Herodotus's accounts of Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis, and Plataea. Book 7 1. People Artabanus Artemisia Atossa Demaratus Ephialtes Gorgo Leonidas the Magi Mardonius Pythius (the Lydian) Themistocles Xerxes 3. The Battle of Thermopylae Where did Xerxes camp in preparation for the battle of Thermopylae? The Spartans were not the only Greek forces at Thermopylae (initially); there were contingents from various Greek towns, such as Corinth and Thebes. Who was the commander of all the Greek forces overall? (See 7.204.) Leonidas made a particular point of recruiting troops from Thebes. Why? (7.205) When the Greeks saw the size of the Persian army, they considered retreating to the Peloponnese. What changed their minds? (7.207) A Persian spy reported to Xerxes that he had seen the Spartans combing their hair. Why were they doing this, and why did Xerxes not easily understand the explanation Demaratus gave him? (7.208 -209) What was Xerxes's emotion when, after waiting for nearly five days for the Greeks to retreat, they did not do so? (7.210) What was Xerxes's reaction when watching the first day's fighting at Thermopylae? (7.212) How are Xerxes' emotional responses relevant to Herodotus's characterization of the Persian king, and of kings and tyrants in general? What significant event occured on the second day of fighting that was to give the Persians a major advantage? (7.212-215) There were, according to Herodotus, some Greek troops (Phocians) guarding the mountain pass around Thermopylae. How did the Persians get past them? (7. 218) When he realized that the Persians were going to surround them, Leonidas dismissed nearly all of the Greek troops. According to Herodotus, why did he do this? (More than one reason.) Who remained with Leonidas and the 300 Spartans? (7.220-222) How did the battle action unfold on that final, third day of fighting at Thermopylae? (7.223-225) Herodotus spends much time building up to his description of the battle of Thermopylae, and very little time describing the actual battle. Why do you think this is so? What sorts of anecdotes and descriptions does he spend time on instead? In 7.226 Herodotus tells us an anecdote about the Spartan Dieneces. What is the point of this little story—why might Herodotus have included it? 4. Aftermath of Thermopylae
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In your book (the translation by de Selincourt) the epitaph over the Spartans who died in the battle of Thermopylae reads thus: o Go tell the Spartans, you who read: o We took their orders, and are dead. Another translation (by Macaulay) reads: o Stranger, report this word, we pray, to the Spartans, that lying o Here in this spot we remain, faithfully still keeping their laws. Still another translation reads:
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Book 7.200 - 9.75 - Book 7.201 through Book 9.75, with the...

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