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Quiz Preview - SSC 305 - Online; Global Understanding Quiz...

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Unformatted text preview: SSC 305 - Online; Global Understanding Quiz Preview-KEY Ch. 1, The Second Twentieth Century and the Second World War. *You may needto conduct some minor research to answer all the questions. Be sure to engage your classmates on the Discussion Board as you work through the Quiz Preview. Multiple Choice Circle the best answer. 1. The strategic decision that most epitomized Hitler’s Violent and unlimited ambitions was the 1. invasion of the Soviet Union. 2. offensive into the eastern Mediterranean. 3. declaration of war against the United States. 4. bombing of British cities during the Battle of Britain. 2. Comparative studies of fascism identify all of the following as shared characteristics except 1. alliance with working-class movements. 2. extreme, expansionist nationalism. 3. a dynamic and violent leader. 4. glorification of war and the military. 3. The difference between "conservative authoritarian" and "radical totalitarian" regimes include all of the following except 1. authoritarian regimes did not seek to regulate tightly their subjects' lives while totalitarian regimes did. 2. authoritarian regimes sought to maintain the status quo while totalitarian regimes sought to destroy it. 3. authoritarian regimes did not use police repression against dissent, while totalitarian regimes did. 4. authoritarian regimes were based on an elite, while totalitarian regimes mobilized entire peoples with appeals to nationalist and socialist sentiment. 5. authoritarian regimes depended heavily on support from the church and big landowners, while totalitarian regimes generally dominated these groups. 4. Indicate the wrong choice. Hitler attempted to annihilate 1. Jews. 2. Catholics. 3. Homosexuals. 4. Gypsies. 5. Hitler‘s plans for genocide l. were abandoned once he began to lose the war. 2. were aimed exclusively at racial group. 3. included members of his own race whom he considered to be inferior. 4. were based on religious grounds. 6. Indicate the wrong choice. During World War II and the years immediately before and after, the following peoples were driven from their homes or found themselves living under alien rulers l. Poles in areas that had been taken over by the Soviet Union. 2. Germans in area that were now part of Poland. 3. Germans in the Soviet Union. 4. Conservative Catholics in areas conquered by the Spanish rebels. 7. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor 1. united the United States behind the war efi'ort. 2. revealed a conspiracy within the Roosevelt administration. 3. ruined FDR's reelection chances. 4. prompted the United States to pass the Lend-Lease Act. 8. During wartime, Americans seem to tolerate violations of civil liberties because they I. admire a strong president. 2. support suspension of the Constitution. 3. fear being labeled unpatriotic. 4. think the American Civil Liberties Union is too radical 9. At the Yalta Conference, President Franklin Roosevelt 1. was outsmarted by Joseph Stalin. 2. refused to make concessions to the Soviets in Asia. 3. requested Soviet help in ending the war in the Pacific. 4. demanded that the Soviets leave Eastern Europe. 10. Japan‘s master plan for the Far East 1. was designed to accommodate American interests in the region. 2. brought them eventually into confrontation with the United States. 3. called for the right of self-determination for all Asians. 4. had little effect on East-West relations. 1 1. The city in Japan on which the United States dropped the first atomic bomb was 1. Tokyo 2. Nagasaki 3. Hiroshima 4. Kyoto 12. A patriotic fervor characterized the American public's response to American involvement in World War II. This meant that 1. most people took little interest in the war. 2. a significant number of people militantly opposed the war. 3. there was general enthusiasm for the war. 4. most people felt directly involved in the fighting. 13. The following pairs match European countries with the political leaders who ruled them at the beginning of World War II. The incorrect pair is 1. Italy — Benito Mussolini 2. Portugal — Francisco Franco. 3. Soviet Union — Joseph Stalin. 4. Germany — Adolf Hitler. 14. From 1936 to 1938, Great Britain and France responded to Germany’s occupation of various countries in Europe by l. committing military forces to defend Czechoslovakia. 2. establishing a military alliance with the Soviet Union. 3. pursuing a policy of giving Adolf Hitler what he wanted. 4. threatening to go to war immediately if Hitler did not stop his aggressions. 15. World War II began when Britain and France declared war on Germany after its invasion of l. the Soviet Union. 2. Czechoslovakia. 3. 4. Austria. Poland. 16. During 1942, the United States launched its first major effort against the Germans when it 1. 2. sent troops to prevent the Germans from using oil fields inside the Soviet Union. invaded Italy in an effort to open a second front in Europe. . worked with the British in launching a major ofi'e nsive in North Africa. used political and economic pressure to persuade Spain to withdraw from its alliance with Germany. 17. The Allied invasion of France was postponed until 1944 for all of the following reasons except 1. 2. the British were opposed to an earlier invasion of France. losses to the Japanese required diverting troops to the Pacific. . the North African campaign tied up large amounts of Allied resources. the invasion of Italy required so much time and effort that it set the Allied timetable back a year. 18. During 1944 and 1945, in an attempt to end the war in western Europe, Allied forces 1. 2. 3. 4. all of the answers below. destroyed German cities with massive bombing raids. invaded France with a gigantic naval, air, and land force. attacked German forces in central Europe with large armies of tanks and infantry. 19. During World War II, the Allies split Europe into two theaters of operation, with 1. the Americans and the British fighting in the northern half and the Soviets fighting in the southern half. the Americans and the British fighting in the southern half and the Soviets fighting in the northern half. . the Americans and the British fighting in the eastern half and the Soviets fighting in the western half. 4. the Americans and the British fighting in the western half and the Soviets fighting in the eastern half. 20. During 1943 and 1944, the war on the Asian mainland saw all of the following developments except 1. Allied troops established a land supply route between India and China. 2. Japanese forces continued to drive deep into the Chinese interior. 3. Allied forces drove the Japanese out of the outlying Chinese province of Manchuria. 4. Chinese leaders devoted much of their efforts to fighting Chinese communists instead of Japanese troops. 21. During World War II, all of the following countries were at one time enemies of the United States except 1. the Soviet Union. 2. Germany. 3. Italy. 4. Japan. Short Answe r 22. As leader of the Nazi party and head of the German government, Adolf Hitler subjected that country to dictatorial rule from 1933 until the end of World War II. 23. From 1936 to 1938, Great Britain and France followed a policy of appeasement toward Germany that gave that country whatever it asked for in order to keep the peace. 24. In August 1941, the United States and Great Britain issued the Atlantic Charter, a joint statement of common principles that became a statement of their war aims. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. On December 7, 1941, Japanese naval forces attacked the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, which marked the beginning of direct U. S. involvement in World War II. During the winter of 1942-1943, the armies of the Soviet Union managed to repel the major German assault on Stalingrad, the major city in southern Russia. The Nazi campaign to exterminate the Jews of Europe during the 19305 and 1940s became known to the world as the Holocaust. When the Allies invaded France in June of 1944, their main force landed in the section of France known as Normandy. When Franklin D. Roosevelt died in April, 1945, Hm Truman became the president of the United States. Other Items for Re view and Study 0 List the "four freedoms" vaguely articulated by FDR in January 1941 as his vision of the postwar world. i. Freedom ofspeech and expression. ii Freedom ofworship. Freedom from want. iv. Freedom from fear. Match the World War 11 Conference to its importance or impact. Casablanca Conference . Allies agree, in principle, to form an international organimtion. . Many believe the origins ofthe Cold War can be dated to different Interpretations of this agreement. Essentially the Tehran conference discussion concemed the post-war alignments for a liberated Europe following the defeat of Germany and made obvious the fundamental difi‘erence between Western political democracy and the Soviet ideology. Yalta conference . Establishment of the United Nations. . Truman and Attlee replaced Roosevelt and Churchill in their I meeting with Stalin. While there was agreement on the need to S311 Franelsee occupy Germany, that occupation became, in essence, spheres Conference of influence between the Western democracies and a Soviet bloc of nations. Truman also announced the dropping of the first atomic bomb at this conference. POtSdam conference . Roosevelt and Churchill met to plan the opening of a "Second Front" in Europe by planning for an invasion of Sicily. Roosevelt also pronounced the controversial decision to fight to an "unconditional surrender." DUInbaI'tOn Oaks . Under pressure from Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt agree to set Conference a date for the invasion of Western Europe. Stalin agrees to launch a simultaneous attack in Fastem Europe and to join the war against Japan after the defeat of Germany. Key Terms Stalingrad Nuremberg Laws Pearl Harbor Auschwitz Mein Kamvf Fascism Lateran Agreement ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2011 for the course SSC 305 taught by Professor Null during the Fall '11 term at GWU.

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Quiz Preview - SSC 305 - Online; Global Understanding Quiz...

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