CHP 7 Origins of Conservation

CHP 7 Origins of Conservation - Origins of Conservation...

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Origins of Conservation: David Western 1 Conservation and the Human Predicament David Western ORIGINS OF MODERN CONSERVATION HUNTER-GATHERERS: PROTO-CONSERVATION African origins !Kung Bushmen example Preserving products Meat, Fruits, nuts, water Conserving the source of produce Springs, trees, hunting grounds Maximizing territory by carrying water Minimizing food shortage and droughts Buffering populations and living within limits The myth of the Noble Savage in harmony with nature The Paleolithic and Neolithic overkills The African exception DOMESTICATION and THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION The “open” commons and over hunting Group ownership of resources Tragedy of the commons “Open” access and common pool resources Big species first to go The biophilia contradiction Domestication of animals and plants Food production and security Privatization of herds, crops and land “Closing the commons” DOMESTICATION and THE ORIGINS OF CONSERVATION Domestication of animals and plants Husbandry of species Foregoing short-term gains Long-term investment, larger gains Need for collaboration and reciprocity Niche construction HUSBANDRY LINKS SOCIETY , FOOD PRODUCTION, ENVIRONMENT HUSBANDRY AS CONSERVATION Species + environmental management Food production, conservation and efficiency Animal and plant breeds Soil, water, nutrient and energy conservation Human-dominated ecosystems
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2011 for the course BIEB 176 taught by Professor Woodruff/strum during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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CHP 7 Origins of Conservation - Origins of Conservation...

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