CHP 9 How the world sees Nature #2

CHP 9 How the world sees Nature #2 - How the world sees...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
How the world sees Nature: Strum 4/15/11 1 Shirley Strum Office hours: MWF 11:30-12:30 and by appointment (297 SSB) Most of the world is not like us : Correction: male/female ratio is currently (2011) 1.07 men to women (because of female infanticide in Asia) Nature may be the most complicated concept in modern English •“The idea of nature contains, though often unnoticed, an extraordinary amount of human history” Williams (1980) • “Nature is not nearly so natural as it seems” (Cronin 1996) • Natural environments are also cultural icons Nature is different things to different peoples Sacred forest vs timber Sacred cow vs hamburger Where do we get our concepts of nature? • Interaction with our environment – Ecological –Soc ia l Culture/history Communication/mass media • Education Example: What are baboons? Cute or vicious Wildlife or pest Feared or ignored Personal experience or natural history show
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
How the world sees Nature: Strum 4/15/11 2 Culture • Culture= most important human adaptation – Material culture (evolution of tools to technology) – in the “head” culture: create objects/make sense of world • Culture is “ unconscious filter = emotionally powerful (situated) – Luo wife inheritance – Female genital mutilation (FGM; female circumcision) – Child slavery – Hunting chimps and gorillas for meat • All parts of culture are connected to each other • Cultural diversity + Global Village Î Culture contact and dislocation complexity of translation for conservation Small scale societies ways of “seeing” Nature varies with economy, geography and history •A n im i sm : spirits fill the world • Totemism: we descend from part of nature (first ancestor …special rights/protection) • Anthropo-centric: humans are the center of nature • Eco-centric: humans are minor actors in the nature’s drama Eco-cosmologies: • Dogon: several types of spirit roam the bush and may attack people or exchange body parts with them…like eyes making humans blind… • Japanese: to see nature first prepare oneself to be a good listener…becoming like a polished mirror reflecting all things clearly… Cross-Cultural Principles Summary • Cultural ecology Æ
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/06/2011 for the course BIEB 176 taught by Professor Woodruff/strum during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

Page1 / 7

CHP 9 How the world sees Nature #2 - How the world sees...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online