CHP 10 Science from Nature to Values #3

CHP 10 Science from Nature to Values #3 - From concepts to...

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From concepts to values of nature: Strum 4/18 1 Announcements Midterm #1 in class FridayApril 22 (bring a pen) HELP SESSION April 20 7-8:30pm Center 212 Vocab/study guide posted Wed 4/20 on WebCT WESTERN FOLK MODEL(s) Judeo-Christian RELIGION ROMANTICS EVIDENCE EARLY MODERN SCIENCE REVISED SCIENCE Rise of the “nature” of Modern Science SCIENCE IS ALSO A CULTURAL ENTERPRISE Folk models and “evidence” interact Religion + science = Galileo; Newton “thinking God’s thoughts Witnessing as evidence Men of character (Boyle and air pump) Experimental method Power of Science = new tools evidence; prediction; verification Early modern Science’s concepts of nature Naturalists discarded anthropocentric view = rise of botany, biology, zoology, geology Æ how nature works Most of early modern scientific ideas of nature adopted BEFORE EVIDENCE = Folk model Nature is pristine Nature is static Balance of nature Ecological web/succession Humans not part of nature Human actions are destructive From Religious ideas: 1. Ecological Web = the Divine Plan 2. Balance of Nature (divine) 3. Humans are unique (souls)
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From concepts to values of nature: Strum 4/18 2 Romantic Ideas in Science 1. Pristine nature 2. Nature static 3. Humans “bad”--remove 4. Conserve pristine state Scientific ideas change with evidence NATURE = folk model (History+Econ+Religion+Culture) scientific evidence Recent shifts in scientific ideas: 21 st century 9 Nature is pristine Æ humans are intrinsic 9 Human actions destroy Æ humans are part of the 9 dynamic 9 Nature is static Æ dynamic/constant change 9 Balance of nature Æ patchwork of complexity 9 Ecological succession Æ chance events e.g. East African Savannas grasslands/fire/ vs S.America/ human agents Slash and Burn farming forest gaps and biodiversity Much of “pristine” tropical forest diversity = shifting forest gaps Tall Grass Prairie USA (Buffalos, Indians, Fire, Scale) The Trouble with Biodiversity • Very recent term • Nature = biodiversity • No such term in other cultures (closer to non-Western ideas than modern Western ideas) • Gaia (Lovelock) • Complex interactions • The whole is linked > sum of parts • But the underlying “model” is “folk” Æ new facts _____________________________________ • Are Ecological Services any easier to translate? • Carbon Footprint? • Living Planet Index? • Happy Planet Index?
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From concepts to values of nature: Strum 4/18 3 Concepts of Nature in a time of globalization – Nature exists but how we think about it is conditioned – Even Science is not all evidence – Conservation-speak changes • Local people ??? • Managers
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CHP 10 Science from Nature to Values #3 - From concepts to...

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