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Chapter12_Spring2011 (1)

Chapter12_Spring2011 (1) - Hallucinogens(Psychedelics...

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Hallucinogens (Psychedelics) Chapter 12
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Hallucinogens Hallucinogens are substances that alter sensory processing in the brain, causing perceptual disturbances, changes in thought processing, and depersonalization.
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History of Hallucinogens The Native American Church - The American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978 Timothy Leary and the League of Spiritual Discovery - The Psychedelic Experience
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The Nature of Hallucinogens Many drugs can exert hallucinogenic effects - Traditional hallucinogens (LSD-types) - Phenylethylamines (Ecstasy, amphetamines) - Anticholinergic agents (Jimsonweed) - Cocaine - Steroids
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Nature of Hallucinogens Described as: Psychedelic Psychotogenic Psychotomimetic
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Sensory and Psychological Effects of Hallucinogens Altered senses - Synesthesia – crossover between senses Loss of control - flashbacks
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Sensory and Psychological Effects of Hallucinogens Self-reflection - “make conscious the unconscious” Loss of identity and cosmic merging - “mystical-spiritual aspect of the drug experience”
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Traditional Hallucinogens: LSD Types of Agents LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), mescaline, psilocybin, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), and myristicin These drugs cause predominantly psychedelic effects Of high school seniors sampled: - 1999—12.2% had used LSD sometime during life - 2006—3.3% had used LSD sometime during life
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