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Chapter13_Spring2011

Chapter13_Spring2011 - Marijuana Chapter 13 Marijuana...

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Marijuana Chapter 13
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Marijuana Marijuana consists of the dried and crushed leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. Cannabis sativa – botanical or scientific term for hemp plant found in North America THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the primary mind-altering ingredient in marijuana. © Mitchell Brothers 21st Century Film Group/ShutterStock, Inc.
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History and Trends in Marijuana Use Marijuana has historically been a valued crop. The woody fibers of the stem yield a fiber that can be made into cloth and rope. Early records of marijuana use: China 2737 B.C. – Book of Drugs – referred to medicinal use of marijuana India (religious ceremonies) Ancient Greeks Colonial settlements
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Questions and Answers Today marijuana is 20 times more potent than the marijuana on the street in the 1960s and 1970s? How many Americans are current marijuana users? Aged 12 or older in 2005: Out of 19.7 million illicit drug users, approximately 55% reported using only marijuana, 19.6% used marijuana and another illicit drug, and the remaining 26% used an illicit drug but not marijuana in the past month. Current users have used an illicit drug in the past month.
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Noteworthy Findings Regarding Marijuana Users It is the most highly abused type of illicit drug. The highest rate of use was found among young adults (ages 18–25) with 16.6% reporting current use (past month) and among youth (ages 12–17) with 6.8% reporting current use. What would you have estimated? The average age of first use was 17.4 years. There were 2.1 million new marijuana
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Influencing Factors Structural factors Age, gender, family background (i.e., parental use), lack of religious beliefs Social and interactional factors Type of interpersonal relationships, friendship cliques, drug use within the peer group setting Setting Type of community and neighborhood (physical location of drug use) Attitudinal factors Personal attitudes toward the use of drugs, self esteem, maturation level, etc.
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