Chapter15_Spring2011

Chapter15_Spring2011 - Over-the-Counter (OTC),...

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Over-the-Counter (OTC), Prescription, and Herbal Drugs Chapter 15
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Prescription drugs are available only by recommendation of an authorized health professional, such as a physician. Nonprescription (over-the-counter, or OTC) drugs are available on request and generally do not require approval by a health professional. © Photos.com
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(continued) Prescription and OTC drugs have been viewed differently by the public since the classifications were established by the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951. In general, the public views OTC drugs as less effective, safe, and rarely abused and prescription drugs as more potent and frequently dangerous. However, these distinctions are not always accurate.
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OTC Drugs Interesting Facts Each year, people in the U.S. spend over $14 billion on OTC drugs. More than 300,000 different OTC products are available on the market. OTC expenditures comprise 60% of the annual drug purchases in the U.S. An estimated 3 out of 4 people routinely self-medicate with these drug products. © Photos.com
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Abuse of OTC Drugs OTC products generally have a greater margin of safety than their prescription counterparts, but issues of abuse need to be considered. Physical & Psychological dependence - Patterns of abuse difficult to determine
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Abuse of OTC Drugs (continued) Nonprescription products that can be quite habit-forming: decongestants, laxatives, antihistamines, sleep aids, and antacids. OTC drugs are more likely to be abused by
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Chapter15_Spring2011 - Over-the-Counter (OTC),...

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