Chapter17_Spring2011

Chapter17_Spring2011 - Drug Abuse Prevention Chapter 17 How...

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Drug Abuse Prevention Chapter 17
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How Serious is the Problem of Drug Dependence? In 2006, 22.6 million persons age 12 or older were classified with substance dependence or abuse in the past year. Highest levels of dependence were marijuana, cocaine, and pain relievers (highest to lowest). Rate of substance dependence by racial/ethnic groups: American Indians or Alaska Natives (19%); Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders (12%), persons of two or more races (10.9%); Hispanics (10%), whites (9.2%); blacks (9%); Asians (4.3%). College graduates and substance dependence (7.3%) versus high school graduates with no college experience (9.4%).
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Prevention Programs Should: Enhance protective factors (such as self-control, parental monitoring, anti-drug use policies) and reverse or reduce risk factors (such as aggressive behavior, lack of parental supervision, lure of gang membership, drug availability, and poverty). Address all forms of drug abuse (underage, young adult, mature adult, and senior citizen drug use). Prevention programs have to be tailored to the characteristics of the audience (age, gender, ethnicity, extent of drug use, etc.).
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Levels of Drug Prevention Level 1—Primary Prevention - Primary drug prevention programs refer to the very broad range of activities aimed at reducing the risk of drug use among non-users and assuring continued non-use. Often targeted to at-risk neighborhoods, communities, and families.
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Level 1—Primary Prevention Programs Intrapersonal factors - Affective education, values clarification, personal and social skills development (assertiveness and
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course PSY 4305 taught by Professor Jackon during the Spring '08 term at Texas Tech.

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Chapter17_Spring2011 - Drug Abuse Prevention Chapter 17 How...

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