Week 12 Guide for Independent Learning As you read Ch. 22, and sections 24.1-2, formulate answers to these questions. 1. Define the terms population, species, and gene pool. 2. Explain why meiosis and random fertilization alone will not alter the frequency of alleles or genotypes in a population. 3. List the five conditions that must be met for a population to remain in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. 4. Write the Hardy-Weinberg equation and be able to test whether a population is in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. 5. Explain the role of mutation, transposons and sexual recombination in generating genetic variability in populations. 6. Explain the role of population size in genetic drift. 7. Distinguish between the bottleneck effect and the founder effect. 8. Describe how gene flow can act to reduce genetic differences between adjacent populations. 9. Explain how quantitative and discrete characters contribute to variation within a population. 10.
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