Notes 1-29-2-5 - Delvelopmental Theories Theories of human development Theory ideas proposed to describe/explain certain phenomenon o Organizes

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Delvelopmental Theories Theories of human development Theory: ideas proposed to describe/explain certain phenomenon o Organizes facts/observations o Guides collection of a new data Should be internally consistent Falsifiable- hypothesis can be tested Supported by data Major Groups of developmental theories ( 4 main/classical types) 1. Psychodynamic theories- most focus on parent-child relationships o Human behavior is governed by internal unconscious motives and drives o Development occurs in discontinuous stages o Both nature(innate drives) and nurture(early experience in life) are important o Exs. Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson’s theories Erik Erikson o Most influential neo-Freudian o Some differences w/ Freud Less emphasis on sexual urges More emphasis on rational ego More positive, adaptive view of human nature Development continues through adulthood Erikson’s stages- approximate ages o Trust vs. mistrust-- importance of responsive caregiver o Autonomy vs. shame and doubt—preschool o Initiative vs. guilt- preschool o Industry vs. inferiority—school-age children
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Identity vs. role confusion—adolescence o Intimacy vs. isolation—young adult o Generativity vs. stagnation—middle age (where “mid life crisis” came from) o Integrity vs. despair—old 2. Learning Theories o Person Consists of connections between stimulus inputs (hearing a direction), behavioral responses (follow it), and consequences (reward/punish) o Learning is continuous and gradual o Emphasizes nurture (role of environment) o Exs. Behaviorism (skinner) and Cognitive social learning Theory (Bandura-
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 230 taught by Professor Phillips during the Fall '08 term at Iowa State.

Page1 / 7

Notes 1-29-2-5 - Delvelopmental Theories Theories of human development Theory ideas proposed to describe/explain certain phenomenon o Organizes

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online