Module2 Discussion

Module2 Discussion - Identifying Macromolecules BSC 2010...

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Identifying Macromolecules BSC 2010 Module 2 Discussion
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Monomers vs. Polymers Monomers Smallest unit of a macromolecule Linked together by dehydration synthesis reactions Each reaction gives rise to a covalent bond These covalent bonds have specific names, depending on the type of macromolecule Polymers Several monomers linked together
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4 Types of Macromolecules 1. Sugars (AKA polysaccharides) Monosaccharides can be linear or in a ring Carbon chain Carbonyl group (C=O), obvious when in linear structure Multiple hydroxyl groups (OH)
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4 Types of Macromolecules 1. Proteins Monomers are amino acids All amino acids have a central (α) C bonded to: H A variable (R) group A carboxyl group (COOH) An amino group (NH 2 )
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4 Types of Macromolecules 1. Nucleic acids Monomers are nucleotides Each nucleotide is made of: A 5-carbon sugar A nitrogenous base A phosphate group (PO 4 -2 )
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4 Types of Macromolecules 1. Lipids
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Module2 Discussion - Identifying Macromolecules BSC 2010...

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