chapter1 - Ethnocentrism To assess and judge another...

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Ethnocentrism To assess and judge another person, culture or nation in accordance to one’s own personal, cultural or national values Imagined hierarchy that assigns others to an equivalent or lower value on that scale Rooted in social inequality
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Racism Beliefs and attitudes that race is a biological determinant of human traits and behaviors Human taxonomy that hierarchically positions racial categories Racial and ethnic discrimination
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Sexism Attitudes, behaviors and beliefs that value one gender or sex as superior and more competent , or less valuable than another Misogyny Misandry
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Heterosexism Beliefs and attitudes that place heterosexuality as the social norm Ideas rooted in ‘deviance’ Homophobia and discrimination
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Ethnography Direct first hand observation of daily behavior Holistic In-situ Margaret Mead: Gender Research Participant-Observation
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Exploring Human Sexuality: Past and Present
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What is Sexuality? A uniquely human trait Laws, customs, fantasies, art Sexologists specialize in studying human sexuality Interdisciplinary : biologists, psychologists, physicians, anthropologists, historians, sociologists, political scientists, public health officials
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Contradictory and Confusing Sexual repression and ‘morality’ yet surrounded by sexual images Believe everyone is sexually active, yet an uncomfortable discussion topic Explore our sexuality vs. moral restrictions Diversity in sexual expression and experiences
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The Impact of the Media Surrounded by explicitly or subtly sexual visual media American television is full of sexual content American media is among most sexually suggestive in the western hemisphere
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The Impact of the Media Internet is changing communication Anonymous information, advice Social networking sites Purchase sexual paraphernalia Media is second source of sexual information for American adolescents (Kunkel et al., 2003) Watch 14,000 sexual references yearly Inaccurate and misleading messages
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Early Evolution of Human Sexuality Upright posture changed human sexual intercourse Visual cues increased in importance Male genitals and female breasts more visible
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chapter1 - Ethnocentrism To assess and judge another...

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