L12-storage1 - LECTURE LECTURE # 12 TOPIC: TOPIC TOPIC...

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Hydrogen Storage and Production 1 8/19/2005 TOPIC TOPIC TOPIC: Hydrogen Storage and Transport LECTURE LECTURE # # # 12 12
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 2 8/19/2005 Hydrogen Storage Alternatives
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 3 8/19/2005 Hydrogen Storage s Hydrogen as lowest gas density s Its the second lowest boiling point s Requires very large storage volumes and pressure as a gas s Requires a cryogenic storage system for liquid s Hydrogen burns more efficiently and so less fuel is required s It has highest energy-to-weight ratio s For a given volume of hydrogen it contains lesser energy when compared to other fuels
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 4 8/19/2005 Hydrogen Storage Fuel Weight Total Weight Volume 22kg 27kg 30L Methanol 49kg 57kg 62L Hydrogen: Metal Hydride 8.2kg 772kg 340L Gas (3000psig) 285kg 479L Gas (5000psig) 205kg 368L Liquid 73kg 115L Gasoline
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 5 8/19/2005 High Pressure Gas s High-pressure hydrogen is stored in cylinders s Conventional cylinders – cylindrical shaped sidewall section with hemispherical end domes s Conformal Cylinders – Use multiple cylinders in tandem and distort the cylindrical shape in order to increase the usable volume
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 6 8/19/2005 High Pressure Gas - Cylinders
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 7 8/19/2005 s High-pressure hydrogen is stored in cylinders s Conventional cylinders – cylindrical shaped sidewall section with hemispherical end domes s Conformal Cylinders – Use multiple cylinders in tandem and distort the cylindrical shape in order to increase the usable volume High Pressure Gas
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Hydrogen Storage and Production 8 8/19/2005 0 / 100 A cylinder with plastic liner and a fully wound composite overwrap Type 4 20 / 80 A cylinder with a thin metal liner of steel or aluminum and a fully wounded composite overwrap Type 3 55 / 45 A cylinder with a metal line of steel or aluminum and a hoop-wrapped
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2011 for the course LECTURE 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at University of Florida.

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L12-storage1 - LECTURE LECTURE # 12 TOPIC: TOPIC TOPIC...

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