solar utilization lec 5a

# solar utilization lec 5a - Solar Utilization [ Qu = Ac S U...

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1 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA Solar Utilization ( 29 [ ] a pm L c u T T U S A Q - - = energy useful Q u = area collector A c = e temperatur ambient T e temperatur absorber plate mean T t coefficien loss heat overall U area unit per absorbed radiation solar S a pm L = = = = ) ( - - = T a in f L av R c I T T U K F ) ( ) ( , τ α η Hottel-Whillier Equation: We need to get from there to here ifier angle incidence K in fluid of e temperatur T collector on incident radiation solar total I factor removal heat collector F absorb and trans glass of product efficiency collector in f T R c mod . . , = = = = = = Eqn. 1 Eqn. 2

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2 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA Solar Utilization ( 29 [ ] a pm L c u T T U S A Q - - = energy useful Q u = area collector A c = e temperatur ambient T e temperatur absorber plate mean T t coefficien loss heat overall U area unit per absorbed radiation solar S a pm L = = = = ) ( An energy balance for a flat plate solar collector where U L is defined based on the temperature difference given. T pm is very difficult to measure. We will develop a form of Q u in terms of measureable terms and then we can use Q u to estimate the collector efficiency, η c. We’ll need to also have a way of determining I T , the total radiation incident on the solar collector surface. T c u c I A Q = η Eqn. 1 Eqn. 3
3 OF FLORIDA Solar Utilization s s s s north b R δ φ ϖ β sin sin cos cos cos sin ) sin( cos cos ) cos( , + - + - = - + + + = 2 cos 1 cos 1 ρ g d b b T I I R I I The total solar radiation incident on the collector surface, I T.

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## This note was uploaded on 09/06/2011 for the course EML 4930 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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solar utilization lec 5a - Solar Utilization [ Qu = Ac S U...

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