Return Migration: An Analysis of Urban and Rural Settlement at the End of Working Life
Down the path of history, migration has always been in existence. Archeologists and
anthropologists have important contributions in tracing great migrations of Homo sapiens before
the dawn of civilization (Richmond, 1988). However, reasons for migration have been diversified
and modified over time.
People are motivated to travel basically by the desire to attain their
lifestyle preferences. Several factors play a big role in the decision-making of the migrants.
Factors such as, the host destinations have high levels of income, low poverty level, low level of
crimes, more avenues for career growth and others. As a result, migrants opt to be away from
their family and home country for better opportunities. Nonetheless, in reality, reasons for
Return movement was for long one of the most neglected areas of migration.
remains the great unwritten chapter in the history of migration. This may due to the fact that, in
the past, many returns occurred spontaneously and were therefore undocumented, and did not
get as much attention as cases involving resettlement and integration”.
(IOM 2000). In the
history of migration studies, it has always been believed that migration is a one-way process
with no return. Discussions tend to focus more on departure, journey and arrival, settlement,
adaptation and acculturation, rarely in return. In this pattern, little is known of those who
In many parts of the Philippines, it is rare to find at least a single migrant. During the past
decades, large numbers of peoples are willing and seeking to work abroad.
Adults, the parents
and even young professionals are those who usually decide to work abroad. For the most part,
those who successfully establish their working careers usually stay at the host country until the
end of their working life – and this takes at least twenty years of working. Philippines have
developed a strong culture of emigration. Being able to come back home after long years of