copy-chapter 1 - MIGRATION RETURN MIGRATION An Analysis on...

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MIGRATION RETURN MIGRATION: An Analysis on the Rural and Urban Settlement at the End of Working Life Members: Ciar, Julie Padilla, Yanna Hipolito, Marj Medez, Rolan Cruz, Katrina Lim, Sooky Lavalle, JN Baylosis, Shiela CONTENT: INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY HYPOTHESIS SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
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Return Migration: An Analysis of Urban and Rural Settlement at the End of Working Life INTRODUCTION Down the path of history, migration has always been in existence. Archeologists and anthropologists have important contributions in tracing great migrations of Homo sapiens before the dawn of civilization (Richmond, 1988). However, reasons for migration have been diversified and modified over time. People are motivated to travel basically by the desire to attain their lifestyle preferences. Several factors play a big role in the decision-making of the migrants. Factors such as, the host destinations have high levels of income, low poverty level, low level of crimes, more avenues for career growth and others. As a result, migrants opt to be away from their family and home country for better opportunities. Nonetheless, in reality, reasons for migration varied. Return movement was for long one of the most neglected areas of migration. “Return migration remains the great unwritten chapter in the history of migration. This may due to the fact that, in the past, many returns occurred spontaneously and were therefore undocumented, and did not get as much attention as cases involving resettlement and integration”. (IOM 2000). In the history of migration studies, it has always been believed that migration is a one-way process with no return. Discussions tend to focus more on departure, journey and arrival, settlement, adaptation and acculturation, rarely in return. In this pattern, little is known of those who returned. In many parts of the Philippines, it is rare to find at least a single migrant. During the past decades, large numbers of peoples are willing and seeking to work abroad. Adults, the parents and even young professionals are those who usually decide to work abroad. For the most part, those who successfully establish their working careers usually stay at the host country until the end of their working life – and this takes at least twenty years of working. Philippines have developed a strong culture of emigration. Being able to come back home after long years of
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working, and a warm welcome from the family serve as their badge of honor for such achievement. By the time of their retirement years, settlement plans are in reflection and is next in planning. The Philippines is a wonderful place to retire for many reasons and one of which are the Filipinos themselves, who are different from ones who have totally adopted western culture and western values at least superficially. Yet to be explained, there are necessary considerations a retiree should think about in his process of resettling for permanent residency. The cities and
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copy-chapter 1 - MIGRATION RETURN MIGRATION An Analysis on...

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