1984DBQ-RooseveltAndHoover

1984DBQ-RooseveltAndHoover - The College Board Advanced...

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The College Board Advanced Placement Examination AMERICAN HISTORY SECTION I1 (Suggested writing time-40 minutes) Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-H and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. In your essay, you should strive to support your assertions both by citing key pieces of evidence from the documents and by drawing on your knowledge of the period. 1. President Franklin D. Roosevelt is commonly thought of as a liberal and President Herbert C. Hoover as a conservative. To what extent are these characterizations valid? Document A Source: Candidate Herbert Hoover, speech, New York, New York (October 22,1928) "It is a false liberalism that interprets itself into the government operation of commercial business. Every step of bureaucratizingof the business of our country poisons the very roots of liberalism-that is, political equality, free speech, free assembly, free press, and equality of opportunity. It is the road not to more liberty, but to less liberty. Liberalism should be found not striving to spread bureaucracy but striving to set bounds to it. . . . "I do not wish to be misunderstood in this statement. I am defining a general policy. It does not mean that our government is to part with one iota of its national resources without complete protection to the public interest. . . . "Nor do I wish to be misinterpreted as believing that the United States is free-for-all and devil take the hindmost. The very essence of equality of opportunity and of American individualism is that there shall be no domination by any group or combination in this republic, whether it be business or political. On the contrary, it demands economic justice as well as political and social justice. It is no system of laissez faire. . . . "Years ago the Republican administration established the principle that such evils could be corrected by regulation. It developed methods by which abuses could be prevented while the full value of indus- trial progress could be retained for the public. It insisted upon the principle that when great public utilities were clothed with the security of partial monopoly, whether it be railways, power plants, telephones, or what not, then there must be the fullest and most complete control of rates, services, and finances by government or local agencies:It declared that these businesses must be conducted with glass pockets.
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This note was uploaded on 09/06/2011 for the course HISTORY 21 taught by Professor Alexander during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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1984DBQ-RooseveltAndHoover - The College Board Advanced...

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