The College Board
Advanced Placement Examination
UNITED STATES HISTORY
(Suggested writing time--40 minutes)
Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your
interpretation of Documents A-H
your knowledge of the period referred to in the question.
High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents
and draw on outside knowledge of the period.
1. Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the United States Constitution,
political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of economic opportunity.
In light of the following documents and your knowledge of the 1820's and 1830's, to what extent
do you agree with the Jacksonians' view of themselves?
Source: George Henry Evans, "The Working Men's Declaration of Independence" (December 1829)
"We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by
their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness; that to secure these rights" against the undue influence of other classes of society, pru-
dence, as well as the claims of self defence, dictates the necessity of the organization of a party, who
shall, by their representatives, prevent dangerous combinations to subvert these indefeasible and
experience hath shown, that mankind" in general, and we as a class in
particular, "are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves," by an
opposition which the pride and self interest of unprincipled political aspirants, with more unprin-
cipled zeal or religious bigotry, will wilfully misrepresent. "But when a long train of abuses and
usurpations" take place, all invariably tending to the oppression and degradation of one class of
society, and to the unnatural and iniquitous exaltation of another by political leaders, "it is their
right, it is their duty," to use every constitutional means to reform the abuses of such a government,
and to provide new guards for their future security.
1990 by Educational Testing Service, Princeton,
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