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intro_xp_linux - Introduction to Operating Systems This...

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1 - 1 Security Essentials Cookbook © 2005 SANS Introduction to Operating Systems This sections provides a brief introduction to Windows XP Professional and Knoppix-STD It is important that you familiarize yourself with Windows XP Professional and Knoppix- STD as preparation for this course. The exercises in this book assume a basic knowledge of both of these operating systems. This chapter provides an overview of both operating systems. It is not intended as a comprehensive guide to Windows XP Professional and Knoppix-STD; it is intended to help prepare you for this course.
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1 - 2 Security Essentials Cookbook © 2005 SANS Windows XP Professional Understand the cmd prompt and critical commands including: – cmd – ipconfig – regedit – net use – netstat – cls – dir – Mkdir – Task Manager Introduction to Windows XP Professional The Windows XP operating system is a dynamic and continually changing operating system with new security patches and hot fixes being released often. In a normal production environment, it is highly recommended that you maintain a patching schedule to keep your systems up-to-date. For the purposes of this book, it is important that you do not patch your system. Because this system will be vulnerable to most of the exploits that have been discovered since Windows XP was first released, it is extremely important that you do not connect it to a production network. Several patches will cause issues when completing various labs in this book. By following the installation guide, you are assured of getting the maximum value out of the activities covered throughout this book. This "Introduction to Windows XP Professional" guide teaches you about the basic commands and actions you need to know for the Security Essentials Boot Camp. This document introduces you to the following: cmd, ipconfig, regedit, net use, netstat, cls, dir, mkdir, and the Task Manager.
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1 - 3 The 32-bit Cmd Prompt Since the release of Windows 2000 Professional, the old 16-bit command.com program has been replaced with the 32-bit cmd.exe program. There are many benefits of using cmd including the following: The capability to run scripts in both the CMD language as well as the REXX language There are no 8.3 filename limitations The capability of running multiple commands on the same command line Support for command pipelines Help functionality with /? The following list of tasks shows you how to use the command prompt to obtain help or information about your system: 1. To display the command prompt, select Start, Run , and then type cmd . The following window appears.
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1 - 4 2. If you need help with a command while using cmd , type /? after the command in question. To get NIC TCP/IP information, type ipconfig . To get a list of the available ipconfig options, type ipconfig /? after the command prompt, as shown in the following screen.
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1 - 5 3. To get the IP address information for your system, type ipconfig /all. This also displays your MAC address, as shown in the following screen.
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