Florida Sex Offender Ordinance

Florida Sex Offender Ordinance - Social Policy Analysis...

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Social Policy Analysis Institute Research Proposal: Miami Dade Sex Offender Ordinance The Miami Dade County Sex Offender Ordinance: Residency Restrictions According to the Miami Herald, since the early 2000s more than a hundred convicted sex offenders have lived under the Jocelyn Tuttle Causeway creating a homeless community unable to assimilate into society. i Drawing international attention, Miami Dade County’s sex offender residency restriction ordinance was brought to public debate and reintroduced a charged debate of the legality and perceived need of local and state sex offender policies in the United States. Reports have indicated that homelessness is common among sex offenders; housing restrictions often pushed sex offenders away from support systems and law enforcement observation to situations where they are more prone to recidivism, or repeated criminal offense. ii The problem stream reveals a lack of cohesive arguments on the effectiveness of residency restrictions of sex offenders and if this policy truly translates into greater public safety. The Social Policy Research Institute (SPRI) will use a combination of field research, evaluation methods, and public policy analysis tools to investigate and recommend politically feasible, equitable, and effective measures to address this community and criminal concern that will generate a Miami Dade County model of criminal justice in addressing sex offenders. Current Florida law, passed in 2004, prevents sex offenders from living closer than 1,000 feet from schools, day care centers, parks and playgrounds. In 2005, Miami Dade County implemented a local ordinance that required sex offenders to live at least 2,500 feet away from any school, park, day care center or playground. A sexual offender is classified as anyone convicted of a sexual battery, lewd and lascivious act on/in the presence of persons under age 16, sexual performance by a child, or selling or buying of minors for portrayal in sexually explicit conduct, in which the victim of the offense was less than sixteen years of age. iii The Florida 1
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Social Policy Analysis Institute Research Proposal: Miami Dade Sex Offender Ordinance Department of Law Enforcement Division of Sexual Offenders and Predators, the Miami Dade Police Sexual Crimes Bureau unit and the Florida legislature agree that sex offenders “pose a high risk of engaging in sexual offenses even after being released from incarceration or commitment and that protection of the public from sexual offenders is a paramount governmental interest. Sexual offenders have a reduced expectation of privacy because of the public's interest in public safety and in the effective operation of government.” iv Thus sexual offenders must register with the local Sheriff’s Office upon establishing a temporary or permanent residence. There was no visible opposition to these implementations due to the 1970s and 1980s studies concluding that sex offender recidivism is affected by any form of
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Florida Sex Offender Ordinance - Social Policy Analysis...

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