147 final study

147 final study - (SecondNewDeal 23:53 Labo

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Wagner and Regulatory Unionism (Second New Deal) 23:53 Response to Great Depression First new Deal - NIRA – continuity with past associationalism Beginning of the move away from focus on supply side to demand side Move away from focus on structure of the firm to focus on labor organizations Labor unions deal with problem of business cycle and engineer long term  economic growth Conceptual shift from supply side to demand side Wagner Act – •The Wagner Act is depression era legislation –Stabilize the economy; restore long term economic growth •Along with labor, elements of business community support Wagner Act.  Why? –Wagner Act and industrial stability –Wagner Act and underconsumption –Wagner Act and industrial peace Landmark legislation o –Federal power placed in service of labor unions and collective bargaining  process •The concept of  employee  rights •Shift from protecting employers to employee Workers begin to strike because of union ability over wages.’
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•Section 7 defines  employee      rights     o –To form/join/assist labor organizations o –To bargain collectively w/ employers through representatives of own  choosing o –To engage in concerted activities for purpose of collective bargaining  (i.e., strikes, boycotts)  •Section 8 defines unfair labor practices o –Formation of company unions o –To discriminate in hiring/firing b/c of union-related activity o –To discriminate against employees for testifying/bringing unfair labor  practice charges before the NLRB o –Employers who do not bargain in good faith •Section 9 o –Procedures for determining appropriate bargaining units o •30% workers must indicate interest in election before NLRB organizes  one o •Secret ballot/majority rule election o •One union for entire bargaining unit –Minority cannot choose different union –Employer-union agreements binding on entire workplace o •Not just those who are members of that union Wagner act creates National Labor Relations Board •NLRB: Independent regulatory agency o –Legislative functions •Defining unfair labor practices
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o –Executive functions •Administering/Enforcing provisions o –Conducting worksite elections o –Investigate allegations of unfair labor practices o –Issuing cease and desist orders unfair labor practices found o –Judicial Functions •Hears disputes arising under the Wagner Act o –Holds hearings; takes evidence; hears witnesses; makes rulings Wagner Act places no restrictions on union activity o •Taft-Hartley changes this –#1 Defines a set of unfair labor practices committed by unions and 
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course PS 147 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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147 final study - (SecondNewDeal 23:53 Labo

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