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Unformatted text preview: Picture 14 Retrospective Voting : takes place when a voter determines who they plan on voting for by judging the performance of the incumbent party. Retrospective voting is also strongly tied to the performance of the economy under the incumbent party, especially in the last 6-9 months before the election. Because retrospective voting can be effected by circumstances often outside the control of the incumbent party, as in the case of the economy, retrospective voting can be ineffective at electing the best government. Prospective Voting - prospective voting model is the theory of democratic elections in which voters decide what gov't will do in near future by choosing a certain political party with distinct stances on issues Tithing – FEC – Although the Commission's name implies broad authority over U.S. elections, in fact its role is limited to the administration of federal campaign finance laws. It enforces limitations and prohibitions on contributions and expenditures, investigates and prosecutes violations (investigations are typically initiated by complaints from other candidates, parties, "watchdog groups," and the public), audits a limited number of campaigns and organizations for compliance, and administers the presidential campaign fund, which provides public funds to candidates for president and nominating conventions. Before the FEC – Corrupt Practices Act of 1911 and 1925: Regulated contributions and expenditures 1971 Federal Election Campaign Act establishes FEC and most of the basic reporting requirements for federal campaigns The FEC has six members appointed by the President and confirmed by the senate serving overlapping 6 year terms. No more than three members can be of the same party The fec is responsible from sanctioning violations of campaign finance laws as well as making regulatory rulings and issuing advisories Proposition 34 – Individual contributions limited to 3900 per election Voluntary spending limits – whether candidate accepted limits is stated on the ballot Small contributor committee’s limited to 7800 No limit on party contributions to candidates 24 hour reporting of contributions and independent expenditures over 1k limit of 3000 for contributions between candidates California Proposition 34 was also known as the Campaign Contributions and Spending Limits Act of 2000 . It was on the November 7, 2000 ballot in California , where it was approved with 60% of the vote. Proposition 34 limited the amount of money an individual could contribute to candidates for the California State Legislature and for statewide elective offices. It also limited contributions to political parties. It expanded financial disclosure requirements and prohibited contributions from lobbyists to the election campaigns of politicians they lobby. The new law did not apply to election campaigns of politicians they lobby....
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- Spring '11
- Candidate, Political campaign, Federal Election Campaign, Campaign finance in the United States, election Campaign Act, soft money