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SOWK2154 MidTerm Study Guide

SOWK2154 MidTerm Study Guide - 1 Chapter1 SOWK2154:...

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1 SOWK 2154: The Profession of Social Work Mid-Term Exam Study Guide Shari E. Miller, PhD Spring 2010 Chapter 1 A. Define the “triple A” approach to critical thinking Examines and evaluates the validity of “facts” a. Ask  questions b. Assess  the established facts and issues involved i. seek relevant information c. Assert  a concluding opinion B. What is “social welfare” according to Barker? a.  (p. 6) “a nation’s system of programs, benefits, and services that help  people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that  are fundamental to the maintenance of society” C. Define and discuss the residual, institutional, and developmental approaches to  social welfare. a. Residual Approach i. Focus on problems and gaps ii. Benefits and services only when people fail to provide for  themselves  iii. Person is at fault if require outside help iv. Society must aid until they can meet own needs v. Focus is on faults -- demeaning and critical manner vi. Dominant view prior to the Great Depression  b. Institutional 
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2 i. People’s needs as normal part of life ii. Society is responsible to support members iii. Requiring services- expected part of human condition iv. Right to receive benefits and services on ongoing basis  v. Since the Great Depression both institutional and residual  perspectives are apparent in US society c. Developmental i. Identify social interventions that positively impact on econ.  development ii. After WW II in 3rd World countries iii. Gained impetus in the US  in 1970s iv. 3 ways: 1. Investments in services like education, nutrition, &  health care (evaluated so that people get the most for their  money) 2. Investment in edu., more skilled labor force, stronger  economy 3. Investment in physical facilities (creation of economic/social  infrastructure to provide bases on which development efforts  depend) v. Infrastructure supports ability to get to work and be productive vi. Develop programs that help people engage in productive  employment and self-employment D. What is economic justice? a. Involves distribution of resources in a fair and equitable manner.
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3 E. What three areas form the foundation of professional social work? a. Individuals, groups, and communities Chapter 2 A. Define confidentiality a. The ethical principle that workers should not share information provided by  a client or about a client unless they have the client’s explicit permission. B. What is social justice? What is self-determination?
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