Opioid.docx - Running Head PRESCRIPTION DRUG OVERDOSE Prescription Drug Overdose Crisis in United States Name University Course Date 1 Running Head

Opioid.docx - Running Head PRESCRIPTION DRUG OVERDOSE...

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Running Head: PRESCRIPTION DRUG OVERDOSE 1 Prescription Drug Overdose Crisis in United States Name University Course Date
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Running Head: PRESCRIPTION DRUG OVERDOSE 2 Introduction Prescription drug overdose is one of the most devastating global health challenges today. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), between the years 2000 and 2016 more than 705, 000 people succumbed to a prescription drug overdose (Chen et al., 2019). In addition to that, death rates have exponentially increased by 137% inclusive of a 200% increase in death related to the overdose heroin and opioid pain relievers (Volkow & Wargo, 2018). This has significantly resulted in negative healthcare outcomes and complications in the entire population. Prescription drug abuse and overdose have not only resulted in death but also fatal complications, increased dependencies, reduced educational outcomes, reduced productivity and alarming crime rates among others. The trend of prescription drug overdose and associated negative effects has attracted the attention of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), policymakers and the entire public into meaningful conversations about this looming disaster. The following essay is to provide a comprehensive exploration of the prescription drug abuse and misuse in the United States in a multidimensional perspective with a clear focus on the recommendations to reduce prescription drug overdose crisis in the United States and the entire world. Prescription drug abuse continues to be a fundamental healthcare crisis in the United States. According to the CDC more than 70, 000 people died from prescription drug abuse in the year 2017 (Volkow & Wargo, 2018). Out of this population, 68% of the total number of deaths was associated with prescription opioids (Volkow & Wargo, 2018). Opioid overdose and abuse collectively account for only of the most fundamental healthcare threats in the country. Unprecedented access to prescription opioids such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, and fentanyl within the past two decades has resulted in a full-scale epidemic. Prescription drug
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Running Head: PRESCRIPTION DRUG OVERDOSE 3 overdose does not discriminate against the victims. Over time, it has taken that lives of poorest as well as the wealthiest inhabitants of our nation regardless of gender, social status or education (Gano et al., 2018). For instance, for the first time in three decades, deaths from prescription opioid overdose and accidental poisonings outnumbered those from motor vehicle collisions. It is therefore fundamental to explore the most commonly abused drugs and the fundamental reasons behind abuse for effective intervention measures geared towards addressing the healthcare epidemic. Unfortunately, pain is a fundamental part of every human life, which may be caused daily injuries or the normal aging process. Daily aches and pains as a result of injury, illness and biological process are often controlled by a prescription, over the counter drugs. Nearly
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