POLS 206 - POLS 206 Tuesday 25 Democracy is a system of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POLS 206 Tuesday 25 Democracy is a system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public’s preferences Robert Dahl Says: Components of Traditional Democratic Theory: -Equality in voting: One person, one vote -Effective participation: Representative voting of population (does not occur in US) -Enlightened understanding: Freedom of press, freedom of speech, free flow of information (Yes, but limits in the US and no freedom of press/speech during wartime if interferes) -Citizen control of the agenda: Collective right as public to petition the government on agenda -Inclusion: Citizenship must be available to all within a country (US does not recognize dual citizenship) Democracies must let the majority rule while protecting/preserving minority rights (bill of rights/civil liberties) !!Theories of US Democracy-must know for test! Pluralist Theory: -A theory of government and policies emphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies. Groups will work together Public interest will prevail through bargaining and compromise Elite and Class Theory -A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization. Not all groups equal Policies benefit those with money and power Hyper pluralism -A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened. !!Difference between hyper pluralism and pluralism- Hyper pluralism nothing gets done!!! Groups control policy and prevent government from acting. Difficulty is coordinating policy implementation. Confusing and contradictory policies result from politicians trying to placate every group. Challenges to Democracy
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Increased technical expertise: No one knows everything about our government Limited participation in government: Average citizens are not informed enough about politicians and issues Escalating campaign costs: Costs increasing in campaigns money does not win elections but buys access Diverse political interests (policy gridlock): Must please everyone but it is impossible so things do not get done American Political Culture and Democracy !!Political Culture: An overall set of values widely shared within a society. American culture is diverse and compromised of: -Liberty: Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness -Egalitarianism: Equality of opportunity -Individualism: Western frontier, Melting Pot Self -Laissez-faire: Hands off, less dependent on government -Populism: For the people How active is American Government? -It spends about $3.1 trillion annually
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course POLS 206 taught by Professor Someonethatwasjusttryingtogettheirdoctorate during the Spring '06 term at Texas A&M.

Page1 / 7

POLS 206 - POLS 206 Tuesday 25 Democracy is a system of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online