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Intro to judaism prelim 2 study guide

Intro to judaism prelim 2 study guide - Terms March 8 12...

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Terms March 8, 12 Yohanan Ben Zakkai-- A key sage in the second temple era and a key contributor to the Mishnah. He is seen as a key contributor to and father of Rabbinic Judaism. Also, a Pharisee who establishes a school of Judaism in Yavneh. Yavneh-- Town where the Sanhedrin (Council of Sages) was moved to after the fall of the Second Temple, with reduced powers. Exegesis-- This is the critical interpretation and explanation of the bible. There is a peshat, which is the literal interpretation and the dharash, which is a deeper, or figurative one. Mishna-- This is a written compendium of Jewish Oral law, and comprises one part of the Talmud (the other being the Gemara). It is thought to have been transferred from God to Moses down until its transcription. It is written in Mishnaic Hebrew. Judah HaNasi -- Key redactor and editor of the Mishnah. He was very important in the compilation of the Talmud. Tosefta-- Compilation of Jewish Oral Law from the time of the Mishnah and in many ways it acts as a supplement to it. It goes into more detail in some cases. Tanna-- Rabbinic sages whose views are recorded in the Mishnah. These were direct transmitters of the oral law handed down from God to Moses at Mount Sinai. This includes Akiva, Hillel, Gamliel. .. Amora’im--- “Told over,” after the Tannaim. They were the rabbis that continued teaching the words of the Tanaaim and transmitted the oral law in Babylon and Palestine. Gemara-- Means “the completion.” It is a collection of commentary on the Mishnah and analysis of it. It is also written in Aramaic Palestinian Talmud (Yerushalmi)-- Compiled before the Babylonian Talmud and eclipsed in importance, due to the rise in prominence of the Babyonian Jewry during the first few centuries AD in comparison with the Palestinian Jewry. It was assembled rapidly as the Jews were preparing to leave Palestine and go into exile because of the heavy persecution. The tannaim were the rabbis who produced the Mishnah.
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Babylonian Talmud (Bavli)-- Written in the 5th century, but includes older material. It is a book of Jewish Law that is based on the Oral Torah, and deals with Jewish civil law and religious law. It is composed of the Mishnah, and the Gemara. Oral Law-- A supposedly unbroken chain of law handed down from God to Moses at Mount Sinai and then transmitted through sages and rabbis thereafter. Originally, it was forbidden and condemned to write this down, which was overcome during the transcription of the talmud. “Traditions of the Fathers”--? March 29, 31 Sanhedrin - Assembly of judges during Roman control. It made criminal decisions as well as being a way for the Jews to convene and discuss current events. It assumes regulatory functions of the Jews in Palestine. There was one main one in Jerusalem, but smaller ones existed in other cities in Israel. It was disbanded in 425 C.E. with the abolishment of the rabbinic patriarchate. The Great Sanhedrin dealt with religious and ritualistic Temple matters, criminal
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Intro to judaism prelim 2 study guide - Terms March 8 12...

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