Actual Green Revolution Essay - Seth Braunstein Professor...

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Seth Braunstein Professor Isbell Anthropology Friday, December 3 rd , 2010 The Green Revolution: Saving the world or ending it Introduction (use blackboard help) (ending sentence leading in to population explosion) A major cause for the Green Revolution was the threat of overpopulation in the 1900s. The population began to grow after the Industrial Revolution in the 1800s and reached up to 1 billion people. By 1960, the world population had tripled to 3 billion, with the threat of even more growth looming. The population then doubled in the next 40 years and had already reached 6 billion people by the year 2000 with the expectation to reach 9.3 by the year 2050 (Simonetta 2009). These expectations for the growing population instill fear around the world because there are many negative effects that are caused by an uncontrolled rapidly growing population. Aside from the main problem of food security, overpopulation also puts rising pressure on individual families to be able to support, clothe, shelter, and overall provide for their children. Also, with more people on the planet, a greater percentage of natural resources are being used which leads towards exhausting the forest croplands and fisheries. Other problems from overpopulation have recently arisen such as pollution of air, water, and soil and depletion of the ozone layer that protects us from the ultraviolet radiations from the sun. These problems are also
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enhancing the impact of global warming which has begun to negatively affect the planet with droughts, deforestations, and dangerously rising water levels (Simonetta, 2009). While overpopulation has led to many significant problems in the world, the greatest of all is food security. A rapid increase in the population calls for an increase in the production of food to ensure that people aren’t starving. Considering there was great difficulty feeding the world when the population was at 3 billion people, it appeared there would be a gigantic problem looming with the projected growth rates in the late 1900s (Simonetta 2009). The world needed some form of miracle to save the day, and so their call was answered, in the form of the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution started in the 1940s when scientist Normal Borlaug developed a new disease resistant variety of wheat in the farms of Mexico. Over the next 20 years farmers were able to use these varieties of wheat in addition to already established agricultural technologies to produce a larger quantity of wheat than ever before. Due to this improvement, farming in Mexico in the 1960s had taken off as the production of wheat skyrocketed bringing Mexico from importing half of its own wheat, to the leading wheat exporter in the entire world (Briney 2010). This was a significant time for Mexico as they went towards the top of the farming industry improving their economy, and beginning to set a trend that the rest of the world would soon follow. Other counties saw Mexico’s success and how much it benefitted the people by bringing them
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Actual Green Revolution Essay - Seth Braunstein Professor...

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