Seth killing essay - Seth Braunstein Sean Stapleton How to...

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Seth Braunstein Sean Stapleton How to Approach War (During wartime, it is very difficult to understand what should and should not be morally permissible. If left up to each person’s intuition or beliefs, it may be difficult to experience just rules of engagement. To help solve this problem, there are two important moral theories, Absolutism and Utilitarianism that pertain to permissible actions during war. In this essay I will define and explain the overall Absolutist and Utilitarian moral theories. I will then explain their key differences and analyze its moral significance. I will then explain why Nagel’s claim that, under certain situations we must violate one moral theory to abide by the other is correct and use the example of torturing a prisoner to support this claim. I will show how in this situation, one of these moral theories must be forfeited, in order to act morally permissible under the other, proving Nagel’s claim correct. ) During wartime, the lines between what should and should not be morally permissible can become blurred. If left up to each person’s intuition or beliefs, it may be difficult to determine what the just rules of engagement should be. To help resolve this dilemma, there are two important moral theories, Absolutism and Utilitarianism that examine permissible actions during war. In this essay, I will define and explain the overall Absolutist and Utilitarian moral theories and examine their key differences and analyze their moral significance. I will then explain why Nagel’s claim that, under certain situations we must violate one moral theory to abide by the other, is correct. ( is correct and use the example of torturing a prisoner to support this claim. I will show how in this situation, one of these moral theories must be forfeited, in order to act morally permissible under the other, proving Nagel’s claim correct. )
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Absolutism Moral aAbsolutism is a moral theory that helps guide whether (advises whether) certain actions ( taken by one human being to another) are either (morally) morally permissible or not. Absolutism restricts the type of people that we can show aggression to and the type of violence or aggression we can exert on those people. It is only permissible to exhibit hostile behavior toward those who are a direct threat to us, and it is only permissible to show aggression or violence that is equal to what they have done to us. Absolutism mainly states, that we must treat everyone as a human being at all times no matter what the circumstance, and that people may never be used as a means or just an end (Nagel 64). DHowever, during wartime, it would be morally acceptable to shoot at your adversary if that opponent is trying to kill you. Absolutism allows you to defense yourself from this direct threat with violence of the same magnitude. However, However, iit would be morally impermissible to fire at the enemy’s family, considered a peripheral target, if they are standing next to him. Even, if by shooting at the family, it would prevent the enemy from
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course PHIL 1110 taught by Professor Stapleton during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Seth killing essay - Seth Braunstein Sean Stapleton How to...

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