Exam 1 Study Guide - Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 4 ovulation...

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Exam # 1 Study Guide Chapter 4 ovulation: timing and cause: day 14, mature egg is released, high estrogen causes high FSH and LH in positive feedback loop. Ovulation caused by LH surge breast cancer risk factors: no pregnancy, more time menstruating, 1 st child after 30, never breast fed, menopause after 55, obesity, intact ovaries, 2 or more relatives with breast cancer, over 65, sedentary lifestyle, 1 or more alcoholic drinks/day, high fat diet. 85% of women who have breast cancer have NONE of these risk factors!! symptoms of PMS: menarche (initial onset) usually age 11-15, related to heredity, health, altitude, etc. depression, bloating, mood swings, vulva: external female genitalia; mons veneris, labia majora and minora clitoris: only function is sexual arousal, most common way women achieve orgasm hymens: piece of skin which covers vaginal opening. 5 different types: Annular(small hole), septate(septum through the middle of the hymen), cribriform(many different septum through the hymen), imperforate(no hole), parous introitus(after childbirth) layers of the uterus: 3 layers; mucous, muscle, and fibrous ovaries: where the eggs are kept lifespan of egg: up to 472,000 immature ova at a woman’s birth, 400 mature in lifetime, each one lasts approx 28 days in the uterus (menstruation cycle) breast cancer, prevalence, death rates , about 1 in 8 women have breast cancer. In North America, one woman dies from breast cancer every 12 minutes. ovarian cancer, prevalence, death rates risks of cervical cancer: 1 st intercourse before 20, 3 or more partners in life, having partners who have had more than 3 partners. Starts as cervical dysplasia, takes eight YEARS to develop into cervical cancer. variation in breast size: depends on the amount of fat cells surrounding the milk ducts and mammary glands dysmenorrheal: painful menses endometriosis: occurs when tissue from the lining of the uterus migrates to other parts of the body. Sperm moves the lining genital hygiene: the vagina is self cleaning, no need for any kind of cleaning unless prescribed by a doctor menopause: climacteric: physiological changes during transition period of fertility to infertility peri-menopause: time before menopause menopause: permanent cessation of menstruation symptoms: hot flashes, night sweats, interrupted sleep, headaches, depression,
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