HIST110midterm

HIST110midterm - M i ller 1 Logan M iller H istory 110 Dr....

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Miller 1 Logan Miller History 110 Dr. Eckstein 27 October 2010 Midterm Part I. b. Hoplite: Where? When? Socio-economic background? Social and political impact? The hoplite was a citizen-soldier that was engendered in the Greek city- states. The increased availability of iron after 700 BCE led to the development of this type of soldier and his prevalence on the battlefield. The hoplite fought in the newly invented hoplite phalanx infantry unit. This development is visible in the change in military tactics in Greece as well as the decline of the aristocratic warriors that dominated earlier Greek military life. The introduction of the hoplite warrior marks a significant change in the military practice of ancient Greek poleis and a transformation in the social and political structure of these states. The concept of the citizen-soldier gave the individual civilian the legitimacy of defending his state that was needed for the development of democracy. Military equality among individual citizens at war eventually led to political equality at home.
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Miller 2 The hoplite warrior was developed in Greece. The constant warring between poleis and changing diplomatic relations made military practice a significant part of this area. While states competed for power, warfare began to escalate into massive military expenditures. As more people were able to purchase armor and weaponry the prevalence of aristocratic warriors that were considered “heroes” slowly declined. 1 This decline coincides with the rise of the hoplite. Greece was an area of constant contending powers, and thus military developments soon followed the increased availability of resources. After 700 BCE the availability of iron increased dramatically. As such, its
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Eckstein during the Fall '10 term at Maryland.

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HIST110midterm - M i ller 1 Logan M iller H istory 110 Dr....

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