{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

224Lecture Notes - H IST224 Lecture 3 Pre-Modern M ili tary...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HIST224 Lecture 3: Pre-Modern Military History Terms: Feu/Fieu Vassal Fief Falkirk (1298) Duplin Moor (1332) Crecy (1346) Poitiers (1356) Agincourt (1415) Margarten (1315) Economics of Knight Helmet = 6 cows Mail = 12 cows Sword/Scabbard = 7 cows Leg Groins = 6 cows Lance/Shield = 2 cows Battle Stead = 12 cows I. History A. Greeks + Romans 1. Well developed, standing armies 2. Centralized government B. Old military institutions collapsed 1. Fall of Roman Empire 2. Loss of knowledge 3. Loss of centralization II. Feudalism A. Structure 1. King grants fiefs (property to a number of armed men) 2. Then granted to vassals (aristocrats) a. Continue granting land to lesser aristocrats, and so forth 1
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3. Land granted in return for military service B. Obligations 1. Fief holders are skilled fighting men 2. Vassal must serve in defense (obligation) 3. In offense, limited to no more than 40 days service a. Services not necessarily outside kingdom 4. Complications: obligations between fiefs a. System not based on cash/currency C. Economics 1. Knights on a manor a. 3 cows = 1 mare b. 15 mares equipped one knight c. Equal to all domestic animals of a typical manor 2. Low depreciation value for knight a. Armor used for a long time D. Lord/Castle and Knights 1. Fortification is a residence for the lord a. A few men could withhold an attack b. Reinforces propensity to defensiveness 2. Defensive system a. Knight used as short range defense b. Efficient: 1 knight could kill 10 attackers 3. Knights often captured and ransomed, not killed a. Dominate battlefield b. Require the support of infantry, however, for maximum effectiveness c. Knight + infantry = lance (combat unit), could be augmented by loose infantry 4. Melee/Loose order combat a. Lower skilled individuals grouped with higher skilled individuals b. Advance slowly (shock effect of appearance) c. If utilizing archers, then quickly attack to overrun infantry 5. Battles (elements/formations) are tripartite 2
Image of page 2
E. Feudalism Problems/Efforts 1. How to create and sustain enough knights to provide security 2. Various military options a. Fighting peasant revolt b. Foreign raiders c. Fighting between feuds/vassals F. Crusades 1. Rare national effort 2. Charlemagne had max 10,000 troops (small amount) 3. Lack of roads for convenient moving and travel 4. Inefficient 5. Feudal military system was not meant for large scale warfare III. New Military forms (Missile) A. Missile Infantry 1. Short bow a. Light, weak impact b. Required skill c. Good for hunting and fighting unarmored soldiers
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern