video10 - VideoAssignment10 NATURE: HONR217Tuesday...

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Video Assignment 10 “NATURE: Dogs that Changed the World” HONR217 – Tuesday Logan Miller 111076642 Freshmen History Major 2111, Denton Hall University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 [email protected] 609-335-8091
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Dogs used as hunters in Papua New Guinea o Considered to have special powers o Native dogs do not bark there, but howl like wolfs o Believe the dogs are more important than even their bows and arrows Dog evolved from the wolf o Long belief was that humans took wolves and “adopted” them o Domestication New Idea is that wolf turned itself into the dog in the Stone Age o Mesolithic people likely were not able to raise pup wolves o May be due to human garbage First Stone Age villages would create garbage dumps o Wolves found a new niche o Wolves would move into these settlements Concept of “flight distance” o Wolf that doesn’t run away is able to acquire the carcasses dumped o Shortest flight distance able to live near humans Proto-dog emerges Wolf is a powerful hunting machine o Proto-dog brain and scull shrinks Scavenging does not require same brain power as pack hunting o Large teeth not needed o Size reduces Does not need to bring down large animals Evolutionary standpoint this was an instant of time o Extremely sudden o The process is illustrated in an experiment in the Soviet Union Foxes selected for quality of tameness make a large evolutionary  leap Darwin not correct in evolution not occurring in leaps 2
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video10 - VideoAssignment10 NATURE: HONR217Tuesday...

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