DRC Study Guide Exam _ 3

DRC Study Guide Exam _ 3 - Study Guide Exam 3 Chapter 7...

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Study Guide Exam # 3 Chapter 7 Characteristics of passionate love: Also known as romantic love or infatuation, intense psychological feelings, generalized physiological arousal, strong sexual desire; avoid conflict, feelings of completeness, short-lived. Three components of Sternberg’s theory of love: 1. Passion: the motivational component that fuels romantic feelings, physical attraction, and desire for sexual interaction. Passion instills a deep desire to be united with the loved one. In a sense, passion is like an addiction, because its capacity to provide intense stimulation and pleasure can exert a powerful craving in a person. a. Passion tends to develop rapidly and intensely in the early stages of a love relationship and then declines as the relationship progresses. Intimacy and commitment continue to build gradually over time, but at different rates. His theory provides a conceptual basis for the transition from passionate to companionate love. Passionate love, consisting of romantic feelings and physical attraction, peaks early and quickly subsides. However, as it declines, couples experience a growth in both intimacy and commitment as they are in companionate love. 2. Intimacy: the emotional component of love that encompasses the sense of being bonded with another person. It includes feelings of warmth, sharing, and emotional closeness. Intimacy also embraces a willingness to help the other and openness to sharing private thoughts and feelings. 3. Commitment: the thinking or cognitive aspect of love. IT refers to the conscious decision to love another and to maintain a relationship over time despite difficulties that may arise. Consummate love: having all three aspects of the triangle (intimacy, passion and commitment) in a relationship, no couple spends all their time in consummate love! Mere exposure effect: when we are repeatedly exposed to unfamiliar things, such as human faces, music, works of art, etc, our liking for such stimuli increases. This also explains why we are attracted to people in close proximity, or geographic nearness, to us. Proximity: same school, work, churches, and geographic nearness. .. people we see frequently. Greater proximity often reflects shared interests. Familiarity breeds predictability which leads to greater comfort. Reciprocity: when we receive expressions of liking or loving, we tend to respond in kind. (Someone likes us, so we like them back because it feels good) Results of Buss’s cross-cultural study on sex differences in partner preferences : Provided strong evidence that men worldwide place greater value than women do on mates who are both young and physically attracted. Subjects from 37 samples drawn from Africa, Asia, Europe, North and South America, and New Zealand were asked to rate the importance of a wide range of personal attributes in potential mates. These attributes included dependability, attractiveness, age, good financial prospects, intelligence, sociability and chastity. Without exception, men in all the surveyed cultures placed greater emphasis on a potential mate’s youth
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and attractiveness than women did. In contrast, women placed greater value on
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DRC Study Guide Exam _ 3 - Study Guide Exam 3 Chapter 7...

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