Nov 17 Discrimination in education and other

Nov 17 Discrimination in education and other -...

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Discrimination in Education, Consumer Markets and Cumulative Disadvantage 1
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Racial disparity in achievement and test scores Since this helps explain differences in wages and income, we investigate why 2
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History of discrimination in education Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896 - separate but equal 90% of Southern blacks attended all-black schools fewer resources and were in general, lower quality by many measures pupil/teacher ratio, shorter school year, teacher pay 3
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History of discrimination in education Brown v. Board of Education, 1954 Struck down legal segregation Much protest and slow desegregation Prince Edward County public schools closed 1959- 1964 when US Supreme Court ruled public funding of private schools Title IV Civil Rights Act of 1964 more enforcement of desegregation desegregation continued. Through 1980s 4
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Clear discrimination in the past. But what about now? 5
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Gap in Standardized Test Scores Age 9 6
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Gap in Standardized Test Scores Age 13 7
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Gap in Standardized Test Scores Age 17 8
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Test score gap Is diminishing overall since 1970s. But it is still present. Researchers have tried to explain test score differences between blacks and whites because wage differences in labor markets may reflect differences in test scores. 9
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Differences between the groups before they enter school? Genetic ability differences? But hard to separate genetic component from environmental component IQ is malleable it improves over generations Gap between blacks and whites (15 points) equivalent to difference between today’s adults and adults 50 years ago High blood lead levels could account for 1/3 rd of IQ differences between black and white children 10
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Difference in school characteristics Black children are more likely to attend schools where: Low attendance rates High dropout rates High poverty rates Higher rates of teacher turnover Teacher prejudice lower expectations of black students tend to be self-fulfilling prophecies 11
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Why is there still a test score gap? Some differences in pre-school development
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course ECON 375 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Maryland.

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Nov 17 Discrimination in education and other -...

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