development of sociology durkheim

development of sociology durkheim - 20:45 EmilieDurkheim

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20:45 Emilie Durkheim  More related to Auguste Comte Background: Durkheim came from a family of Rabbi and Jewish scholars, and he  was expected to be a Rabbi himself, but as a college student he  became agnostic, even though he lost his religious faith, he still  retained an interest in the functions of religion, what does religion do  for society?  Particularly interested in secular reality, wanted to know if we could  develop some kind of non-religious belief and set of norms based not  on the idea’s of some super natural being but based on what people  have created, can people create moral laws and guidelines that would  perform the functions of traditional religions? Taught in France at the most prestigious of universities Throughout his career he had several objectives: wanted to create a  better society that would emancipate the individual, would be good for  people, nurturing, how to create a society that was sufficiently  integrated and cohesive in the face of modernity where social life was  becoming more individualistic and work was becoming more  specialized  Traditional religion was become eroded and new knowledge systems  expanded, how do we provide moral guidance to modern people,  moral guidelines sufficient purpose and meaning in their lives  A healthy society providing moral guidance and cohesion in the face  of destabilizing modernity
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Wanted to establish sociology as a social science, a science of  society, not like Weber but positivism, a science that used the  observation of social facts to develop an explanation of how and why  society works, to develop a scientific sociology that would improve  society and preserve the best of traditional society  Durkheim like Marx and Comte was very much in the enlightenment  tradition focusing on empowering Reform the French education system, wrote extensively about 
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 313 taught by Professor Shruti during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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development of sociology durkheim - 20:45 EmilieDurkheim

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