INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY CH 13

INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY CH 13 -...

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Chapter 13, Government, Political Power, and Social Movements Pgs (381-420) Terms: Government:  refers to the regular enactment of polices, decisions, and matters  of state by officials within a political apparatus  Politics:  involves the use of power to affect the scope and content of  governmental activities  Power:  the ability of individuals or groups to make their own interests count, even  when others resist it Authority:  is a governments legitimate us of power, those subject to a  governments authority consent to it State:  exists where a political apparatus of government (institutions like a  parliament or congress, plus civil service officials) rule over a territory; its  authority is backed by a legal system and by the capacity to use military force to  implement its policies  Sovereignty:  a government possesses authority over an area with clear-cut  borders, within which it is the supreme power Citizens:  having common rights and duties and knowing they are members of a  national community  Nationalism:  defined as a set of symbols and beliefs providing the sense of  membership in a single political community, such as  being American Nation State:  possesses a government with recognized sovereign rights within a  territorial area and can back its claims to sovereignty by the control of military  power, furthermore, many of its citizens have positive feelings of commitment to  its national identity
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Civil Rights:  are rights of the individual in law, including privileges that took a  long while to achieve (and are not fully recognized in all countries) examples:  freedom of speech and religion Political Rights:  the right to participate in elections and to run for public office Social Rights:  the right of every individual to enjoy a minimum standard of  economic welfare and security  Welfare state:  exists when government organizations provide material benefits 
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Lang during the Spring '06 term at Rutgers.

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INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY CH 13 -...

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