INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY CRIME AND DEVIANCE

INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY CRIME AND DEVIANCE - CrimeandDeviance

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Crime and Deviance  Norms:  principles or rules people are expected to observe; they represent the  do’s and don’ts of society Deviance:  non conformity to a set of norms that are accepted by a significant  number of people in a community or society Deviant subculture:  members function easily within the wider society Sanction:  any reaction from others that is meant to ensure that a person or  group complies with a given norm; sanctions may be positive (the offering of a  reward for conformity) or negative (punishment for behavior that does not  conform) Laws:  are norms defined by governments are principles that their citizens must  follow; sanctions are used against people that do not conform to them  Crimes:  any type of behavior that breaks the law Psychopaths:  are withdrawn, emotionless characters who delight in violence for  its own sake  Positivists view of crime:  biological and psychological theories of crime are  positivist, meaning applying scientific methods to the study of the social world  can reveal its basic truths Functionalist theory:  see crime and deviance resulting from structural tensions  and a lack of moral regulation within society Anomie:  a concept first brought into wide usage in society by Durkheim, referring 
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Lang during the Spring '06 term at Rutgers.

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INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY CRIME AND DEVIANCE - CrimeandDeviance

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