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TERMS - ,exposedtonatural studiesatEdinb

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Jean Baptiste-Lamark-  revolutionary thinker of his time,  suggested that new forms of life were emerging all the time for  other organisms and inanimate matter Charles Darwin-  clergyman at christ’s college of Cambridge,  interested in nature and collecting things, exposed to “natural  studies” at Edinburgh,  Voyage of the Beagle and Charles Lyell and Principles of  Geology-  suggested age of the earth was much older,  witnessed earthquakes, acient fossils revealed in strata,  observed subtle differences in life forms on different islands,  shipped back fossils of extinct species, observed diverse  human cultures, examples of different ways in which humans  adjust to different environments Darwin’s finches-  noted that beaks were variable between  different populations, specifically adapted to their habitat/diet,  determined that all finches were descendants of one common  mainland ancestor in response to varying environments  Adaptation-  a feature of an organism that has been shaped by  natural selection such that it enhances the fitness of its  possessor, can also refer to the process by which the 
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  • Spring '10
  • Staff
  • common ancestor, distantly related animals, Charles Darwin­ clergyman, Baptiste­Lamark­ revolutionary thinker, Artificial Selection­ Darwin

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