Lecture-12

Lecture-12 - Lecture 12 More informal fallacies Appeal to...

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Lecture 12 More informal fallacies: Appeal to Pity Straw Man Appeal to Force Appeal to Authority Appeal to Pity An appeal to pity fallacy is committed when the arguer attempts to influence the listener not by providing good reasons for the conclusion, but by mentioning sad or difficult circumstances that are irrelevant to the issue. Professor Grush, I know I bombed the midterm, but surely I deserve to pass the class. My grandmother died, my car broke down, and my dog got hit by the Amtrak train from Fresno. I can’t control things like this!! I think we should give the academy award to Russell Crowe. I mean, he should have received it last year for The Insider , and he has had such a hard time getting any good roles for a long time. I don’t think that Lawrence Phillips should get the Heisman Trophy this year. After all, he was accused of rape and a number of other violent crimes during his time at Nebraska. Straw Man This fallacy is committed when the arguer distorts an opponent’s position, directs arguments at this distorted position, and claims to have defeated the opponent’s real argument.
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Ms. Smith has argued against prayer in the public schools. Obviously she advocates atheism. But atheism is what they have in Russia. Atheism leads to the suppression of all religions and the replacement of God by an omnipotent state. Is this what we want? Of course not. Ms. Smith’s position is nonsense. The student committee has presented us with an argument favoring alcohol privileges on campus. What do the students want? Is it their intention to stay boozed up from the day the enter as freshmen to the day they graduate? Do they want a chain of bars across the campus? Such a proposal is ridiculous!
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Lecture-12 - Lecture 12 More informal fallacies Appeal to...

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