Lecture-14 - Lecture 14 More informal fallacies-False...

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Lecture 14 More informal fallacies: -False Cause -Hasty Generalization -Weak Analogy -Begging the Question -Affirming the Antecedent/Denying the Consequent False Cause This fallacy is committed when one concludes that A causes B, when in fact all that has been shown is a correlation between A and B. During the past two months, every time the cheerleaders have worn blue ribbons, the basketball team has won. So if we want to keep winning, they had better continue to wear the blue ribbons. Children become able to solve complex problems, predict the behavior of others, and think of objects objectively at the same time that they learn language. Therefore, learning a language is what causes these abilities. Every time Jerome Bettis carries more than 30 times, the Steelers win. So all Cowher has to do to keep the Steelers winning is to give the ball to Bettis at least 30 times a game. Is science based on false-cause fallacies? Four possible explanations for a correlation between A and B: 1. Coincidence 2. A causes B 3. B causes A 4. A and B both caused by C
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Everyone who eats fruit X has a sunburn. 1. Coincidence 2. Cancer causes fruit eating 3. Fruit eating causes cancer 4. Something else causes both Hasty Generalization
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