Hutchins_slds

Hutchins_slds - Your new job as a label checker Reasoning...

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1 Reasoning in the South Pacific The way we (all) argue Edwin Hutchins Department of Cognitive Science Your new job as a label checker All labels made at Pica’s custom label factory have either an A or an E printed on the front of the label, and have either the number 2 or 3 printed on the back of the label. As part of your job as a label checker at Pica’s you must make sure that if a label has a E on the front, it has a 2 on the back. Which of the labels would you need to turn over to make sure that the rule had been followed? A 3 2 E Your new job as receipt checker As part of your job at Sears, you have the task of checking sales receipts. The amount of the sale is written on the front of the form. The manager’s approval is initialed on the back. You must make sure that any sale over $50 has been approved by the manager . Which of the forms would you need to turn over to make sure that the rule had been followed? Chair $70 Lamp $20 App ____ App ____ ELH Do people in other cultures think the way we do? • An old question. The Greeks asked it. • A cognitive science question. • A question with political implications – The end of the colonial era – Are “primitive” peoples mentally competent to govern themselves? Islands of the Western Pacific Trobriand Islands Papua New Guinea
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2 Boyowa from the Air Douglas DC-3 Yams at harvest time Tukwaukwa village fishing fleet Shelter Street scene Transportation: cutting the canoe Socializing
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3 Child bearing and child care Death and Grieving Preparing for Sagali Exchange Ritual A Chief’s yam house ( liku ) Do the Trobriand Islanders Think the same way we do? • What do you think? •Why ? • How could we find out?
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4 Ways to answer the question • Folk beliefs • Formal measures of intellectual ability • Examination of culturally meaningful behavior Folk beliefs about technologically primitive people • Technology is a reflection of mind • Primitive technology implies primitive mind • This was a popular view into the 1970s, even in scientific writing Cross-cultural psychology • Taking IQ tests into the field • Language-free tests • Culture-free tests Papua New Guinea Some measurement instruments • Raven Progressive Matrices • Inducing a rule in a card game • Constructing narratives about simple images • Rorschach ink blots Raven Progressive Matrices
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5 Inducing a rule in a card game 3 5 K2 AA J Q 4 4 68
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course COGS 1 taught by Professor Lewis during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Hutchins_slds - Your new job as a label checker Reasoning...

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