Week3StudyGuide

Week3StudyGuide - COGS 1 FA07 Week 3 Joan Stiles The...

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COGS 1 – FA07 Week 3 Joan Stiles – The Effects of Brain Damage on Cognitive Functioning in Human Patients Lesion Methodology o Logic of substraction: brain damage leads to loss of specific functioning patterns across many patients provides evidence for function in that brain area First Written Brain Reference was by Egyptian field doctor o Noted “gyri” and “sulci” o Meninges o Cerebral spinal fluid o Reported case studies of speech production aphasia Central Question in Neuropsychology: o What is the connection between human brain and behavior? o Is behavior located in specific regions of the brain or does it arise out of interactions all throughout the brain Strong localizationist view (Gall and Spurzheim) Reaction against localizationist view (Flourens) Aggregate Field View o Lesion Methodology Damage are responsible for certain behavion => problems in behavior o Related Evidence Ramon y Cajal: neuron doctrine Sherrington: Synapse Brodmann’s cortical areas Different parts of brain have different type of cells Mapped 42 distinct brain areas
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2011 for the course COGS 1 taught by Professor Lewis during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Week3StudyGuide - COGS 1 FA07 Week 3 Joan Stiles The...

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