as a turning point in development. In Erikson’s
view, these conflicts are centered on either
developing a psychological quality or failing to
develop that quality. During these times, the
potential for personal growth is high, but so is the
potential for failure.
Psychosocial Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust
• The first stage of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial
development occurs between birth and one year of
age and is the most fundamental stage in life.
• Because an infant is utterly dependent, the
development of trust is based on the dependability
and quality of the child’s caregivers.
• If a child successfully develops trust, he or she
will feel safe and secure in the world. Caregivers
who are inconsistent, emotionally unavailable, or
rejecting contribute to feelings of mistrust in the
children they care for. Failure to develop trust will
result in fear and a belief that the world is
inconsistent and unpredictable.
Psychosocial Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and
The second stage of Erikson's theory of
psychosocial development takes place during early
childhood and is focused on children developing a
greater sense of personal control.