02a-COGS17-Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

02a-COGS17-Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Fetal Fetal Alcohol...

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome M A R Y E T B O Y L E P H D M A R Y E T B O Y L E , P H . D . D E P A R T M E N T O F C O G N I T I V E S C I E N C E U C S D
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Failures of Neural Development: Environmental (external) factors Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) Cause Consumption of alcohol during pregnancy Ch t i ti Characteristics Physical—diminished height, distinctive facial features, altered nose and eyelids Behavioral and cognitive—mental retardation, hyperactivity, and irritability
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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:
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Dr. Ken Jones
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New York Times, 2007 The physical landmarks of the human face are very similar from one face to another.
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A simian crease is a single palmar crease as compared to two creases in a normal palm. Simian crease occurs in about 1 out of 30 normal people, but is also frequently associated with other conditions such as Down syndrome, Aarskog syndrome or fetal alcohol syndrome.
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Brain of baby with no exposure to alcohol Brain of baby with heavy prenatal exposure to alcohol Photo courtesy of Sterling Clarren, MD
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