COGS17 - CS17 Neurobiology of Cognition Summer 2011 A few...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CS17 Neurobiology of Cognition Summer 2011 A few general concepts concerning the science of mind… Mind-Body Problem - What is the relationship between the brain and the mind? Dualism - Per Descarte (1600’s): Brain not = Mind (Soul); Brain is physical, Mind is immaterial Monism - Prevalent contemporary stand: Brain does = Mind; Mind is the activity of the physical Brain But, what of Consciousness ? = “Me”; Subjective experience of those aspects of Mind to which I have access Most contemporaries presume other humans conscious. But other animals? Robots? How would you tell? The Hard Problem Why should consciousness exist? What is the physical nature of consciousness? This course presents a materialist description of the structure and function of the brain - The ??? are up to you… Lecture 1a: Anatomy of the Nervous System Anatomical Terms referring to Orientation/Positioning___________________ Dorsal = toward the back of the body and, in the human head, toward the top Ventral = toward the stomach and, in the human head, toward the bottom Rostral / Anterior = toward the front end Caudal / Posterior = toward the rear end Superior = above another part Inferior = below another part Lateral = toward the sides, away from the midline Medial = toward midline, away from the sides Coronal Plane = plane through brain as seen from the front (“Corona” = “Crown”) Saggital Plane = plane through brain as seen from the side (Saggitarius, the Archer) Horizontal Plane = plane through brain as seen from above (Sometimes called the Transverse Plane) Ipsilateral = making a connection on the same side (left/right) of the Nervous System Contralateral = making a connection on the opposite side (left/right) of the Nervous System Divisions of the Nervous System Central Nervous System (CNS) = Spinal Cord and Brain - The entire CNS is encased in bone (skull, spinal column) and sheathed in the 3-layered Meninges Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) = Nerves outside the CNS. Its t wo Subsystems are… - Somatic Nervous System: Responsible for interaction with external environment (Sensory/Motor) - Automonic Nervous System: Regulates internal environment (Controls internal organs) Support Structures Meninges : Dura Mater (“Tough mother”) = thick outer layer immediately under bone Arachnoid Mater (“Spider mother”) = spider -web-like spongy layer (Subarachnoid Space
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern