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[Type here]1.For the following, know century they lived in and the main ideas from the reading.1.Socrates (470 BCE- 399 BCE)1.Believed he was the wisest because he acknowledged that he didn’t know anything1.Knowledge is information expressed in sentences2.Wisdom is understanding process of seeing from different perspectives2.“The unexamined life is not worth living”3.Went to prison for the corruption of youth and impiety and died4.Street speaker2.Plato (429 BCE- 348 BCE)1.Absolute realist2.Fundamentals of Western Philosophy3.Socrates was his teacher4.Founded “The Academy” (first school) and trained Aristotle5.Plato argues that the soul is eternal. Plato’s most famous work is the Republic, which details a wise society run by a philosopher.3.Aristotle (384 BCE-322 BCE)1.Fundamentals of Philosophy2.Author of philosophical and scientific system3.Joined “The Academy” of Plato4.Tutor to Alexander the Great5.Aristotle thought that the essence of an object existed with the thingitself. In this way, he also rejected the idea of a soul that existed outside of the physical body; instead, he believed that human consciousness reside completely with the physical form. Aristotle thought simply that the best way to gain knowledge was through “natural philosophy,” which is what we would now call science.4.Immanual Kant (1724-1804)1.Absolute realist2.“Always treat people as ends and not means”3.Categorical Imperative: Something a person must do, no matter thecircumstances.4.Deontologist5.The only morally good thing is a good will.”5.Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)1.Founder of Modern Utilitarianism: A person’s act is morally right if it

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