Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Psychology

Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Psychology - Psychology and I ts...

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Unformatted text preview: January 24, 2011 Psychology and I ts Science • Unlearn o Folk Psychology o Common Sense o Experience • Defined o The scientific study of behavior and mental processes o Key components of this definition: Science Behavior Mental Processes Mental Process or Behavior 1. Thinking about Thinking MP 2.Scratching your nose B 3.Making a Cake B 4.Recalling a phone number MP 5.Contemplating a piece of art MP • Early Foundations o Plato Nativism • View that certain kinds of knowledge are innate of inborn. VS. o Aristotle Philosophical empiricisms ( tabula rasa – blank slate) • All knowledge is acquired through experience. • Structuralism o Wilhelm Wundt: Identify structures of the mind Research described dimensions of feeling Methodology: introspection • Functionalism o William James Identify the functions of the mind Focused on interactions with environment Adaptive significance: “Why?” Flow of thought: Stream of consciousness January 26, 2011 • Psychoanalytic o F reud Therapy • Catharsis – results and processes of talking • Unconscious processes • Conditioning o Watson Conditioning research Little Albert • Evolutionary o Mind and behavior explained in terms of adaptive value o Charles Da rwin Natural Selection • Constant struggle for resources o Going back to College for a better degree o Waitlist for a class • Favor Traits that promote reproduction and survival • Environmental changes alter evolution’s course • Behaviorism o Skinner Rejects internal processes Focus on only what is observable Studies consequences of behavior January 28, 2011 • Humanism 1. Abraham Maslow Emphasis on positive qualities of people Humans have possibility for growth Freedom to choose own destiny Chapter 2 Asking and Answering • Scientific method 1. Observations and description of a phenomenon or group of pehnamena Operational definition An objective description of how a research variable is going to be measured and observed. • Description must be written with enough detail that is can be replicated by others, specifically; Observation Measurement Theory A broad set of closely related ideas that attempt to explain certain observations. • Examples) is she a good mother? • Behavior Theory • Evolutionary Theory Operational Definitions: Examples Observed Measured • Where are you going to observe this? • Do you think the frequency of these behaviors might change dependent upon where you observe the mother?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2011 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Hartley during the Spring '05 term at Boise State.

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Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Psychology - Psychology and I ts...

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