Psych 3 - Psychology 101 Chapter 14 What is abnormal...

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April 11, 2011 Psychology 101 Chapter 14 What is abnormal?: Deviance Distress Disfunction Deviance From what? o From behaviors, thoughts, and emotions considered normal in a specific place and time and by specific people. o From social norms Follow the rules Raising your hand in lecture halls Wearing clothes Judgments of deviance also depend on specific circumstances (i.e., social context) Distress According to many clinical guidelines, behavior must be personally distressing before it can be labeled abnormal Not always the case. o Exceptions? Dysfunction/Maladaptive Abnormal behavior tends to be dysfunctional- it interferes with daily functioning. Daily functioning =???? Culture has an influence on determinations of dysfunction
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Danger Abnormal behavior may become dangerous to oneself or others o Behavior may be careless, hostile, or confused o This also comes and goes Bipolar Disorders Mania o Period of abnormally excessive elation or euphoria Type 1 o The alternation of major depressive episodes with full manic episodes Bipolar: symptoms – Depressive episode Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions Eating disturbances o Lost of appetite and weight loss o Overeating and weight gain Fatigue or listlessness Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and/ or guilt Loss of self-esteem Persistent sadness Persistent thoughts of death Sleep disturbances o Excessive sleepiness o Inability to sleep o Suicidal thoughts Withdrawal from activities that were once enjoyed Withdrawal from friends
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Bipolar: Symptoms – Manic episode Agitation or irritation Elevated mood o Hyperactivity o Increased energy o Lack of self-control o Racing thoughts Inflated self-esteem (delusions of grandeur, false beliefs in special abilities)
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