GCU final paper

GCU final paper - GCU 102 What is human geography Nowadays...

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GCU 102 What is human geography? Nowadays human geography is an important subject to the world, but what is human geography? “Human geography studies the distribution of humans and their activities on the surface of the earth and the processes that generate these distributions.” (Kuby, 2010) Human geography is a very broad study, therefore the study of human geography has been divided into the following fields: culture, migration, development, health, urban, population, industrial and etc. Each of the fields focuses on different material. Here is some of the fields that are in human geography. Development geography is one of the most important studies in human geography. The concept of development is very fuzzy, because there are lot explanations about what development is. Here is some examples, in Michael Kuby’s book he defined development as “ which implies modernization and progress”(Kuby, 2010). But for Rubenstein he thinks that development is “the process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.”(Rubenstein, 2009) In this development geography, geographers try to find by what characteristics they can measure development by looking at economic, political and social factors. Then they will use these factors to the countries is in First World, Second World or Third World. Countries in First world mean they are the most developed countries in the whole world and people in these countries used to have a better quality life than other people in Second World and Third World. Of course, the countries in the Second World mean their developments are in the middle of the world. At last the countries in the Third World, these countries are the less developed countries in the whole world and the life quality of people in there use to be very bad. Nowadays economic is the most important factor out of those three factors, and there is a model called core-periphery model, which was developed by John Friedmann, has been used to explain both national and international differences in economic development. There are four stages in the core-periphery model:
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“Stage 1 (Pre-industrial). The pre-industrial (agricultural) society, with localized economies and a small scale settlement structure. Each element is fairly isolated, dispersed and characterized by low mobility. Stage 2 (Transitional). The concentration of the economy in the core begins as
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GCU final paper - GCU 102 What is human geography Nowadays...

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