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Psych Notes Ch. 10

Psych Notes Ch. 10 - Ch 10 Personality Personality...

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Ch. 10: Personality Personality Individual’s unique collection of consistent behavioral traits Two important parts: o “Unique”: use concept of personality to explain differences between people o “Consistent”: use concept of personality to describe people’s similarities from one situation to the next Study of personality dominated by “grand theories” Trait Theories Analyze personality by measuring, identifying, and classifying personality characteristics or traits Personality trait: relatively stable and enduring tendency to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations Seek to identify traits that make up personality Many believe there are a few essential traits that combine to create personality o How many “basic traits” is still debated Trait theories: 5 Factor Model (McCrae and Costa) o All personality traits are derived from 5 basic traits, known as the “big 5” o One of the most widely known and accepted trait models o Each of the “Big 5” fall on a continuum o “Reverse Score” your personality test #2, 4, 6, 8, 10 So if you answered 1 change it to a 7 The Big 5 o O penness to experience: Curious, imaginative, flexible thinking, accepting, and creative o C onscientious: Disciplined, responsible, dependable, punctual, cautious o E xtraversion: Outgoing, assertive, friendly, sociable, upbeat o A greeableness: Sympathetic, trusting, cooperative, modest o N euroticism: Nervous and emotionally unstable, emotional, anxious, hostile, insecure
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Personality Tests Tests that attempt to analyze and identify a person’s traits o Attempt to predict how people will act o Two main types: Self-report Personality Inventory Asks people to answer series of questions about their characteristic behavior o Example: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Most widely spread Developed to identify psychological disorders o
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